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Phase-resolved Higgs response in superconducting cuprates

Chu, Hao; Kim, Min-Jae; Katsumi, Kota; Kovalev, Sergey; Dawson, Robert David; Schwarz, Lukas; Yoshikawa, Naotaka; Kim, Gideok; Putzky, Daniel; Li, Zhi Zhong; Raffy, Hélène; Germanskiy, Semen; Deinert, Jan-Christoph; Awari, Nilesh; Ilyakov, Igor; Green, Bertram Windisch; Chen, Min; Bawatna, Mohammed; Christiani, Georg; Logvenov, Gennady; Gallais, Yann; Boris, Alexander V.; Keimer, Bernhard; Schnyder, Andreas; Manske, Dirk; Gensch, Michael; Wang, Zhe; Shimano, Ryo; Kaiser, Stefan


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      <creatorName>Chu, Hao</creatorName>
      <givenName>Hao</givenName>
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      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany; 4th Physics Institute, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Kim, Min-Jae</creatorName>
      <givenName>Min-Jae</givenName>
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      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany; 4th Physics Institute, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Katsumi, Kota</creatorName>
      <givenName>Kota</givenName>
      <familyName>Katsumi</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo,113-0033, Japan</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Kovalev, Sergey</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sergey</givenName>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dawson, Robert David</creatorName>
      <givenName>Robert David</givenName>
      <familyName>Dawson</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Schwarz, Lukas</creatorName>
      <givenName>Lukas</givenName>
      <familyName>Schwarz</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Yoshikawa, Naotaka</creatorName>
      <givenName>Naotaka</givenName>
      <familyName>Yoshikawa</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo,113-0033, Japan</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kim, Gideok</creatorName>
      <givenName>Gideok</givenName>
      <familyName>Kim</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Putzky, Daniel</creatorName>
      <givenName>Daniel</givenName>
      <familyName>Putzky</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Li, Zhi Zhong</creatorName>
      <givenName>Zhi Zhong</givenName>
      <familyName>Li</familyName>
      <affiliation>Laboratoire Matériaux et Phénomènes Quantiques (UMR 7162 CNRS), Université Paris Diderot, Bâtiment Condorcet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Raffy, Hélène</creatorName>
      <givenName>Hélène</givenName>
      <familyName>Raffy</familyName>
      <affiliation>Laboratoire Matériaux et Phénomènes Quantiques (UMR 7162 CNRS), Université Paris Diderot, Bâtiment Condorcet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Germanskiy, Semen</creatorName>
      <givenName>Semen</givenName>
      <familyName>Germanskiy</familyName>
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      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Deinert, Jan-Christoph</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jan-Christoph</givenName>
      <familyName>Deinert</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-6211-0158</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Awari, Nilesh</creatorName>
      <givenName>Nilesh</givenName>
      <familyName>Awari</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-1848-8556</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ilyakov, Igor</creatorName>
      <givenName>Igor</givenName>
      <familyName>Ilyakov</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-5928-7996</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Green, Bertram Windisch</creatorName>
      <givenName>Bertram Windisch</givenName>
      <familyName>Green</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-7184-5620</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Chen, Min</creatorName>
      <givenName>Min</givenName>
      <familyName>Chen</familyName>
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      <creatorName>Bawatna, Mohammed</creatorName>
      <givenName>Mohammed</givenName>
      <familyName>Bawatna</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-2382-3363</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Christiani, Georg</creatorName>
      <givenName>Georg</givenName>
      <familyName>Christiani</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Logvenov, Gennady</creatorName>
      <givenName>Gennady</givenName>
      <familyName>Logvenov</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Gallais, Yann</creatorName>
      <givenName>Yann</givenName>
      <familyName>Gallais</familyName>
      <affiliation>Laboratoire Matériaux et Phénomènes Quantiques (UMR 7162 CNRS), Université Paris Diderot, Bâtiment Condorcet, 75205 Paris Cedex 13, France</affiliation>
    </creator>
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      <creatorName>Boris, Alexander V.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Alexander V.</givenName>
      <familyName>Boris</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Keimer, Bernhard</creatorName>
      <givenName>Bernhard</givenName>
      <familyName>Keimer</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Schnyder, Andreas</creatorName>
      <givenName>Andreas</givenName>
      <familyName>Schnyder</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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      <creatorName>Manske, Dirk</creatorName>
      <givenName>Dirk</givenName>
      <familyName>Manske</familyName>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
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    <creator>
      <creatorName>Gensch, Michael</creatorName>
      <givenName>Michael</givenName>
      <familyName>Gensch</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7755-1618</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Optik und Atomare Physik, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany; German Aerospace Center (DLR), Institute of Optical Sensor Systems, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489 Berlin, Germany</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Wang, Zhe</creatorName>
      <givenName>Zhe</givenName>
      <familyName>Wang</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7464-5408</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Shimano, Ryo</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ryo</givenName>
      <familyName>Shimano</familyName>
      <affiliation>Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo,113-0033, Japan; Cryogenic Research Center, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo,113-0032, Japan</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kaiser, Stefan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Stefan</givenName>
      <familyName>Kaiser</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-9862-2788</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Heisenbergstr. 1, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany; 4th Physics Institute, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Phase-resolved Higgs response in superconducting cuprates</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Rodare</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2020</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>Superconductors</subject>
    <subject>terahertz</subject>
    <subject>Higgs</subject>
    <subject>Nonlinear dynamics</subject>
    <subject>ultrafast</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2020-04-15</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Dataset"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://rodare.hzdr.de/record/277</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
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    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsSupplementTo">https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-29647</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-30902</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.14278/rodare.276</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://rodare.hzdr.de/communities/matter</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://rodare.hzdr.de/communities/rodare</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;In high energy physics, the Higgs field couples to gauge bosons and fermions and gives mass to their elementary excitations. Experimentally, such couplings can be verified from the decay product of the Higgs boson, the scalar (amplitude) excitation of the Higgs field. In superconductors, Cooper pairs bear a certain analogy to the Higgs field. Coulomb interactions between the Cooper pairs give mass to the electromagnetic field, which leads to the Meissner effect. Additional coupling with other types of interactions or collective modes is foreseeable, and even highly probable for high-Tc superconductors, where multiple degrees of freedom are intertwined. The superconducting Higgs mode may reveal such couplings spectroscopically and uncover interactions directly relevant to Cooper pairing. To this end, we investigate the Higgs mode of several cuprate thin films using phase-resolved terahertz third harmonic generation (THG) to. In addition to the heavily damped Higgs mode itself, we observe a universal jump in the phase of the driven Higgs oscillation as well as a non-vanishing THG above Tc. These findings indicate coupling of the Higgs mode to other collective modes and a nonzero pairing amplitude above Tc. Our study demonstrates a new approach for investigating unconventional superconductivity. We foresee a fruitful future for phase-resolved spectroscopy in various superconducting systems.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
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