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HZDR Multiphase Addon for OpenFOAM

Schlegel, Fabian; Draw, Mazen; Evdokimov, Ilya; Hänsch, Susann; Khan, Harris; Lehnigk, Ronald; Meller, Richard; Petelin, Gašper; Tekavčič, Matej

Couteau, Arthur; Colombo, Marco; Kriebitzsch, Sebastian; Parekh, Jigar

The HZDR multiphase addon contains additional code for the open-source CFD software OpenFOAM, released by The OpenFOAM Foundation. The developments are dedicated to the numerical simulation of multiphase flows, in particular to the multi-field two-fluid model (Euler-Euler method). Within the OpenFOAM library the multiphaseEulerFoam framework is used for this type of simulation. The addon contains a modified multiphaseEulerFoam named HZDRmultiphaseEulerFoam with the full support of the HZDR baseline model set for polydisperse bubbly flows according to Liao et al. (Chem Eng Sci, 2019, Vol. 202, 55-69). In addition a solver dedicated to a hybrid modelling approach (dispersed and resolved interfaces, Meller et al., Int J Numer Meth Fluids. 2020, 1-26) named cipsaMultiphaseEulerFoam is provided with the addon. This solver has an interface to the multiphaseEulerFoam framework and utilizes all available interfacial models of it.

General enhancements



  • morphology adaptive modeling framework for modelling of dispersed and resolved interfaces based on Eulerian multi-field two-fluid model
  • compact interpolation method according to Cubero et al. (Comput Chem Eng, 2014, Vol. 62, 96-107), including virtual mass
  • numerical drag according to Strubelj and Tiselj (Int J Numer Methods Eng, 2011, Vol. 85, 575-590) to describe resolved interfaces in a volume-of-fluid like manner
  • n-phase partial elimination algorithm for momentum equations to resolve strong phase coupling
  • free surface turbulence damping for k-ω SST (symmetric and asymmetric damping, Frederix et al., Nucl Eng Des, 2018, Vol. 333, 122-130)
  • selected tutorial cases:
    • a two-dimensional gas bubble, rising in a liquid, which is laden with micro gas bubbles, and
    • a two-dimensional stagnant stratification of water and oil, sharing a large-scale interface
    • a two-dimensional stratified flow based on the experiment of Fabre et al. (Multiphase Sci Technol, 1987, Vol. 3, 285–301)

This work was supported by the Helmholtz European Partnering Program in the project "Crossing borders and scales (Crossing)"
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  • Meller, R., Schlegel, F., & Lucas, D. (2020). Basic verification of a numerical framework applied to a morphology adaptive multifield two‐fluid model considering bubble motions. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids.

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